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Causes of Arthritis

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Causes of Arthritis

Arthritis is a joint inflammation causing stiffness and pain that worsens with age. It can affect one joint or many. Arthritis is a term for joint inflammation which stands for more than 100 conditions that affect joints, surrounding tissues, and the other connective tissues.

Rheumatoid arthritis and Osteoarthritis are the most common forms. Other common rheumatic conditions relating to arthritis include fibromyalgia and gout. Rheumatic diseases cause pain, stiffness and aching in joints and tissues around.

Common Causes of Arthritis

Autoimmune disorder

An autoimmune disorder is a cause of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) that occurs when the immune system begins to attack the tissues in the body. The attacks destroy synovium, a soft tissue in the joints that generates a fluid for lubricating the joints and nourishing the cartridge. Eventually, it causes pain by destroying the bone and cartridge in a joint.

Infection or illness

Infections trigger arthritis in many people. In most instances, they occur in the joint tissues and synovial fluid. Bacteria, virus, and bacteria are responsible for infections in the sections of the body. The fungi, bacteria, and viruses can move through the bloodstream to reach and infect the joints. Some illnesses such as TB can cause joint infection and finally arthritis.

Cartilage is a flexible but firm connective tissue in the joints. Its role is to protect the joints by absorbing shock and pressure occurring when somebody moves. The cartridge should stay within specific amounts. Arthritis occurs if it reduces beyond the usual level.

Regular wearing and tearing can cause osteoarthritis (OA) which is one the types that afflict many people. An injury or infection to the joints can aggravate this natural cartridge tissue breakdown.


The risk for some types of arthritis can increase for people from a family with a history of arthritis due to the presence of specific genes. These include osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, AS, and SLE. The severity of arthritis depends on the specific genes. People with specific HLA(human leukocyte antigen genes) have a higher chance of getting rheumatoid arthritis, but it is not all of these genes develop rheumatoid arthritis.

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Stress according to some clinical research plays a role in causing inflammation that occurs due to pain. Cytokines molecules that the body releases for different reasons are responsible for rheumatic arthritis to a certain extent. Stress increases the number of molecules that the body releases meaning more inflammation to the affected joint. The solution lies in tracing the cause of stress.

Previous injuries

Injuries that make long to heal are likely to develop into arthritis within the affected joint. Certain tasks and sports that involve repetitive knee bending and squatting relate with OA of the hip and knee. Contact sports such as rugby or football are responsible for some knee arthritis.


Some people get arthritis without apparent causes at any age. In some instances, the reason is a lifestyle sometimes in combination with medical history.

These lifestyle factors could make an individual more susceptible to joint inflammation.

  • Physically demanding jobs especially those that involve heavy repetitive activity increase the risk of osteoarthritis
  • Allergic reaction, illness, and infections cause short-lived arthritis
  • Previous joint injury increases the risk of getting osteoarthritis.
  • Some foods that cause inflammation worsen arthritis

Excess weight

Excess weight makes a person to put more stress on the joints especially the hips, spine, and knees. Excess weight stresses the joints than necessary, and it is more likely to damage or wear them down. The excess fat in the body also becomes an active tissue in creating and releasing chemicals that end up promoting inflammation. These chemicals may influence the development of OA.

Age increases the risk of arthritis and has a direct impact on the rate at which it develops in an individual. Apart from age and genetics, it is essential to adopt a healthy lifestyle to avoid the likely causes of arthritis.

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