There are literally hundreds of different referencing styles from which to choose when you are citing the sources of your research material. Referencing is an important aspect of any writing. Work without reference is regarded as plagiarized work.Below are different referencing styles used by various education institutions worldwide:
APA ( American Psychological Association)
Psychology assignments are mostly referenced and cited in this format. Although other disciplines also use this style, it’s popular in many universities in UK and US. APA style uses author-date parenthetical.
There are different ways to cite a book, journal, film, magazine, interview, website, lecture or encyclopedia in APA. As a student, learn how to apply this style when writing your assignments.
MlA(Modern language association)
As an academic writer, you must document all information and ideas you have researched in your assignment. Some universities require students to use MLA citation style. This citation style is mostly used in the humanities. If you are writing an assignment in MLA, you must understand different aspects of this referencing style.
Oxford referencing style
Before you reference your paper, check with your supervisor what citation style is needed. Oxford is a referencing style that uses footnotes at the bottom of the page. There are no in-text citations. The reference list is located on a separate page at the end of your assignment. All footnotes must be included in the list arranged alphabetically.
Harvard Reference style.
Referencing is very important to avoid penalties that arise from plagiarism. Harvard is a type of citation style that uses author-date style of referencing. In text citations are arranged in this format, author’s last name year of publication, page numbers; Example John 1983, p. 78.
Chicago Reference style
Chicago style of writing was introduced in the year 1906 by a university of Chicago press. It is the most consulted style of writing in manuals. It includes footnote referencing and author-date referencing. Footnote referencing is widely used in arts and humanities.
ACS (American Chemical Society)
The style is now in its third edition. It is commonly used in chemistry-related disciplines. It uses numbered referencing and also in text referencing.
This one is commonly used in health sciences, and it uses numbered reference list. Up to date, there is no official manual of Vancouver, US national library of medicine is the most authoritative manual in this referencing style.
AMA( American Medical Association)
Students who want to publish their medical journals must use this referencing style. It is the only method accepted by American medical association publishing companies. This method is widely used in medicine.
AGLC (Australian Guide to Legal Citation)
Australian students studying law are required to use this referencing style in their assignments. It is the standard Australian guide in law and other legal materials.
CSE (Council of Science Editors)
Currently, this referencing style is in the seventh edition. It was first introduced in 1960 by Council of biology editors. It is also referred as CBE manual. It is widely used in scientific disciplines and life sciences subjects.